Building the Future with Biotech: Biological Solutions to Secure Critical Minerals

From cobalt in car batteries to niobium in nuclear reactors, critical materials are integral to modern life and national security. Critical materials are materials necessary for military, industrial, and essential civilian needs; they span a wide range of elements, chemicals, and substances. As technology has advanced, these materials have only grown more important. For example, one projection asserts that the global demand for lithium (used in car batteries) will grow 4000% by 2040. Biotechnology can play a key role in ensuring a robust and resilient critical materials supply chain